NASS is committed to meeting and upholding standards of ethical conduct at all stages of the publishing process, and NASS requires that all editors, reviewers, authors and all those involved in the publication process of the journal Earth and Planetary Science adhere to the Guidelines and Core practices of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
If editors, reviewers, authors, or readers discover that a submitted/published article may constitute publishing misconduct, they may send their concerns to the Journal. We will conduct a reasonably rigorous investigation and take all allegations of potential misconduct seriously according to the COPE flowchart.
The misconduct includes (but is not limited to):
To avoid any form of plagiarism, every manuscript submitted to Earth and Planetary Science will first be checked regarding plagiarism using iThenticate, which ensures the originality of submitted content. The journal does not accept plagiarism, which includes copying text, ideas, images, or data from another source, even from your own work, without giving any credit to the original source.
If plagiarism is detected during the initial check or peer review process, the manuscript may be rejected. If plagiarism is detected after publication, we will retract the paper. We reserve the right to inform authors' institutions about plagiarism detected either before or after publication.
Complaints and Appeals
Ethics for reviewers who participate in the peer review process, we have also developed some necessary ethical guidelines to ensure that the peer review process is scientific, fair, and impartial. See for reviewers.
The journal follows the ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria:
Any changes to the author list after submission, such as changes in author order or the addition/removal of authors, must be approved by each author and accompanied by a signed consent statement from all authors. Once the manuscript is accepted, changes to authorship, including adding or removing authors, changing the corresponding author, or changing the author order, are not permitted.
The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that all listed authors have approved the manuscript before submission, including the authors' names and order. Additionally, they are also responsible for ensuring that all authors receive the submission and all substantive communications with the editor, as well as complete reviews to verify all data, figures, materials (including reagents), and code, even if the code was developed or provided by other authors. This adherence to transparency and reproducibility standards is crucial for the field and the journal.
Conflict of Interest
The journal believes that any potential conflict of interest between authors and editors can seriously damage academic integrity and the reputation of the journal. To avoid such situations, we have a strict Conflict of Interest policy in place.
All authors, editors, and reviewers must disclose all relationships or interests, including any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might have influenced the presented results or their interpretation.
Upon submission of an article, all authors should disclose any potential conflicts of interest that may affect their research findings, such as financial, personal, or organizational interests. Authors must disclose potential conflicts of interest in the manuscript or cover letter. The statement should reflect all the collected potential conflict of interest disclosures in the form. It must be ensured that the research data presented in the manuscript are clear and unbiased, and not influenced by funding or suppliers of reagents and/or products. Any potential conflict of interest that could lead to possible bias in the data or analytical methods needs to be disclosed. If authors have nothing to declare are encouraged to add "The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare." in this section.
Editors and reviewers must also comply with this policy and disclose any conflicts of interest related to themselves or their institutions when handling manuscripts.
If authors, editors or reviewers cannot comply with our journal's Conflict of Interest policy, they will not be able to continue to participate in the research or publication process. Our journal believes that by adhering to this policy, we can maintain a high level of attention and respect for academic integrity and the reputation of the journal.
Data Sharing and Reproducibility
NASS supports open, reproducible science. All papers must contain methods in sufficient detail so that they can be reproduced by those in the field. Some may be provided in supplementary papers.
Earth and Planetary Science is a Gold open access journal, which makes the final version of an article freely and permanently accessible for everyone, immediately after publication. All articles published in the Journal are distributed under Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which means all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution.
We encourage authors to state where data supporting the results reported in a published article can be found, and under what conditions the data can be accessed. They also include links (where applicable) to the data set.
Ethics for the use of human or animal subjects
If the research involves the use of animals or human participants, the authors should ensure that all procedures are conducted in compliance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines, and that appropriate institutional committees have approved the research. The manuscript should include a statement consistent with the background of the study. If the research involves direct experimentation on human participants, the authors should also state in the manuscript that informed consent has been obtained from the human participants. If the research involves minors as participants, the authors must provide a consent letter from the guardian of the minors to the editor. All authors should assess whether there are any physical or psychological risks in the research involving human participants (whether patients, volunteers, or healthy individuals), and disclose all features of the research or intervention that may reasonably be expected to affect willingness to participate. Failure to adequately disclose such information before obtaining informed consent may result in manuscript delay or rejection.
Sometimes after an article has been published it may be necessary to make a change to the version published. This will be done after careful consideration by the Editor who is also supported by Nan Yang Academy of Sciences Pte. Ltd. staff to ensure any necessary changes are made with guidance from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
Any necessary changes will be accompanied by a post-publication notice which will be permanently linked to the original article so that readers will be fully informed of any necessary changes. This can be in the form of a Correction notice, a Retraction, and in rare circumstances a Removal. The purpose of this mechanism of making changes that are permanent and transparent is to ensure the integrity of the scholarly record.
A Correction notice will be issued when it is necessary to correct an error or omission which can impact the interpretation of the article.
A Retraction notice will be issued where a major error (e.g., in the analysis or methods) invalidates the conclusions in the article, or where research misconduct or publication misconduct has taken place (e.g., research without required ethical approvals, fabricated data, manipulated images, plagiarism, duplicate publication, etc.). The decision to issue a retraction for an article will be made by COPE guidelines and will involve an investigation by Nan Yang Academy of Sciences Pte. Ltd. editorial staff in collaboration with the editor. Authors and institutions may request a retraction of their articles if their reasons meet the criteria for retraction.
Articles may be subject to removal under the following circumstances:
Legal concerns or copyright infringement: If an article violates copyright laws, includes unauthorized use of someone else's work or content, or raises legal concerns, the journal or publisher may decide to remove the article.
Ethical or compliance issues: If an article involves ethical or compliance issues, such as unapproved human or animal research, unauthorized use of personal data, or breaches of ethical guidelines, the article may be subject to removal.
Authors should note that any amounts of paid Article Processing Charge will not be refunded if their accepted papers or Articles in Press are withdrawn/Retraction/Removal on the grounds of academic misconduct and ethical violations in research and publication.
Online ISSN: 2810-9732, Published by Nan Yang Academy of Sciences Pte. Ltd.