Login or Register to make a submission.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The topic of your manuscript is consistent with the aims and scope of the journal.
  • Manuscript has been 'spell checked' and 'grammar checked'.
  • All authors have read and understood the Copyright Notice section and other policies of the journal.
  • Conflict of interest statement has been declared in the manuscript or cover letter.
  • Provide 3-5 highlights of your manuscript to the editor.
  • The submission format should be in Microsoft Word. Click to download the template.
  • Where available, DOIs or URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is a single column instead of the double column; and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

Author Guidelines

Required Documents:

  1. Cover Letter
  2. Main Manuscript
  3. Reference List
  4. Supplementary Data/Information
    Supplementary figures, small tables, text, etc.

As supplementary data/information is not copyedited/proofread, kindly ensure that the section is free from errors, and is presented clearly.

Cover Letter

All articles should include a cover letter as a separate document. The cover letter should include:

  • All authors' names and affiliations.
    * Meet the authorship criteria.
    * The corresponding author should be identified.
    * Provide the ORCID id of the authors.
    * Format: Department, University, Province/City/State, Postal Code, Country.  ORCID:
  • A brief description of the novelty and importance of the findings detailed in the paper
  • Statement that all authors have agreed to submit this manuscript to the journal, etc.


Authors are requested to provide 3-5 highlights of their paper. The purpose of providing highlights of an article is to enable readers and reviewers to quickly and succinctly understand the main ideas and contributions of the paper, as well as to prepare for promotional use after publication. These highlights should highlight the novelty and importance of the article, while providing useful information so that potential readers can decide whether to further read the article.

Structure of Main Manuscript 

This document provides some guidelines to authors for submission to work towards a seamless submission process. While complete adherence to the following guidelines is not enforced, authors should note that following through with the guidelines will be helpful in expediting the copyediting and proofreading processes, and allow for improved readability during the review process.

The section titles given are for Research articles. Review papers and other article types have a more flexible structure. 


The title should not exceed 50 words. Authors are encouraged to keep their titles succinct and relevant. Titles should avoid using uncommon jargons, abbreviations and punctuation.


The abstract should be kept to a maximum of 300 words. It reports concisely on the main findings of the research. To this end, the abstract is structured in Background, Methods, Results and Conclusions, and Significance. Kindly ensure the abstract is self-contained and remains readable to a wider audience. For this reason, references are not allowed.


Authors should also include 3-8 keywords after the abstract, separated by a semi-colon, avoiding the words already used in the title of the article.

Title, abstract and keywords are very important for an article, which will be used for indexing purposes, so please be concise, clear and attractive.

Section Headings

Section headings, sub-headings, and sub-subheadings should be differentiated by number. Please number the section headings (e.g. 1, 2, 3, 4, etc.) in boldface. Likewise, use boldface to identify subheadings too but please distinguish them from major headings using numbers (e.g. 1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 2.2, etc.).


This section usually uses the method of literature review to outline the background, current status, and unresolved problems of the field, thus highlighting the reasons and significance of the research, etc.

Materials and Methods

In this section, the methods used to obtain the results in the paper should be clearly elucidated. This allows readers to be able to replicate the study in the future. Authors should ensure that any references made to other research or experiments should be clearly cited.


In this section, the results of the experiments conducted should be detailed. The results should not be discussed at length in this section.

In this section, the results of the experiments conducted can be discussed in detail. Authors should discuss the direct and indirect implications of their findings, and also discuss if the results obtained reflect the current state of research in the field. Applications for the research should be discussed in this section. Suggestions for future research can also be discussed in this section.


This section offers closure for the paper. An effective conclusion will need to sum up the principal findings of the papers, highlighting its importance and relevance, and its implications for further research.

Author Contributions

The role(s) that each author undertook should be reflected in this section. This section affirms that each credited author has had a significant contribution to the article.


Please add: "This research received no external funding" or "This research was funded by NAME OF FUNDER, grant number XXX" and "The APC was funded by XXX". Check carefully that the details given are accurate and use the standard spelling of funding agency names at Any errors may affect your future funding.


In this section, you can acknowledge any support given which is not covered by the author contribution or funding sections. This may include administrative and technical support, or donations in kind (e.g., materials used for experiments).

Data Availability Statement

Authors should state where data supporting the results reported in a published article can be found, and under what conditions the data can be accessed. They also include links (where applicable) to the data set. 

Conflict of Interest

Declaration of conflict of interest. All conflict of interest needs to be disclosed. If authors who have nothing to declare are encouraged to add "All authors disclosed no conflict of interest." in this section.


In-text citations

For parts of the manuscript that have referenced a particular source, a superscript (ie. [x]) should be included next to the referenced text and should be in the Vancouver style [numeric], not Harvard style [name and year]. Kindly note that all references should be numbered consecutively in the order of their first citation, and the serial number is not to be used instead of the content of the sentence.


Wavelet analysis has long been successfully used in the study of climate series [1].
Fabio [2] studied both technical and scale...

Reference list, placed at the end of the main manuscript.
[x] refers to the allocated number of the source under the Reference List (e.g., [1], [2], [3])

[1] Singh, S., Nayak, S., 2020. Development of sustainable livelihood security index for different agro-climatic zones of Uttar Pradesh, India. Journal Of Rural Development. 39(1), 110-129. DOI:
[2] Mondal, B., Singh, A., Singh, S.D., et al., 2017. Augmentation of water resources potential and cropping intensification through watershed programs. Water Environment Research. 90(2), 101-109. DOI: 8254700
[3] Zotz, G., 2016. Plants on plants: the biology of vascular epiphytes, 1st ed.; Springer International Publishing: Switzerland. pp. 1–282.
Online publishing:
[4] Lewis, D., Mertens, K., Stock, J., 2020. Weekly Economic Index. Retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. (Accessed 26 May 2020).

Graphs, Figures, Tables, and Equations

All Graphs, figures, tables, and Equations should be mentioned in the text and placed in their corresponding places instead of at the end of the text.

All Graphs, figures, and tables must have a brief title (also known as caption) that describes the entire figure without citing specific panels, followed by a legend, defined as a description of each panel. 


Figure 1. xxx

Figure 2. xxx

Table 1. xxx

Table 2. xxx

Graphs, figures, and tables should be labeled closely below them and aligned to the center. Each data presentation type should be labeled as Graph, Figure, or Table, and its sequence should be in running order, separate from each other.

Equations should be aligned to the left, and numbered with in running order with their number in parenthesis (aligned right), and please use the MathType add-on. Equations should be editable by the editorial office and not appear in a picture format.

Copyright Notice

Copyright and Licensing

The authors shall retain the copyright of their work but allow the Publisher to publish, copy, distribute, and convey the work.

Earth and Planetary Science publishes accepted manuscripts under Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0). Authors who submit their papers for publication by Earth and Planetary Science agree to have the CC BY-NC 4.0 license applied to their work, and that anyone is allowed to reuse the article or part of it free of charge for non-commercial use. As long as you follow the license terms and original source is properly cited, anyone may copy, redistribute the material in any medium or format, remix, transform, and build upon the material.

It is absolutely essential that authors obtain permission to reproduce any published material (figures, tables or any extract of a text) which does not fall into the public domain, or for which they do not hold the copyright. Permission should be requested by the authors from the copyright holder. In order to avoid unnecessary delays in the publication process, you should start obtaining permissions as early as possible. If in any doubt about the copyright, apply for permission. The journal cannot publish material from other publications without permission.

In exceptional circumstances articles may be licensed differently. If you have specific condition (such as one linked to funding) that does not allow this license, please mention this to the editorial office of the journal at submission. Exceptions will be granted at the discretion of the publisher.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.