An Overview of Stratospheric Ozone and Climate Effects

M.M. Karadan

Centre for Ocean Atmospheric Science and Technology, Amity University Rajasthan, Kant Kalwar, Jaipur, Rajasthan, 303002, India

P.V.S. Raju

Centre for Ocean Atmospheric Science and Technology, Amity University Rajasthan, Kant Kalwar, Jaipur, Rajasthan, 303002, India

P.C.S. Devara

Centre of Excellence in Ocean-Atmospheric Science and Technology & Environmental Science and Health, Amity University Haryana, Gurugram, Haryana, 122413, India


Received: 30 November 2022; Revised: 14 February 2023; Accepted: 28 February 2023; Published Online: 9 March 2023

Copyright © 2022 Authors(s). Published by Nan Yang Academy of Sciences Pte. Ltd.

Creative Commons LicenseThis is an open access article under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.


Anthropogenic Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) compelled stratospheric ozone reduction is one of the significant global environmental issues of this era. Ozone acts as a life saviour in the stratosphere whereas the same plays a role as a secondary air pollutant at tropospheric levels. This review encompasses studies involving the science of ozone destruction with an emphasis on chemical processes involved, minimum ozone features, ozone hole area characteristics, various Ozone Depleting Substances (ODSs), consequences of reduced stratospheric ozone levels, and the different executed international commitments to restrain ozone depletion. It has been perceived that the decrease in stratospheric ozone volume gives away extensively to climate change such as through ozone chemistry fluctuations of polar annular modes and its Greenhouse Gas (GHG) features. Different international ozone layer protection agreements have been performing a major role in limiting stratospheric ozone depletion thereby its adverse effects, and specifically Montreal protocol has been a great success to this point.

Keywords: Ozone layer depletion, Greenhouse gases, Chlorofluorocarbons, Ozone depleting substances, Montreal protocol


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