Peer Review Process

Manuscripts submitted the journal will be subject to a rigorous double-blind peer review process. Reviewers and authors remained anonymous throughout the process. This allows the journal to maintain a high standard of publication, both in terms of academic writing as well as the integrity of the research content.

When the manuscripts reach the editorial office of the journal, the managing editor first conducts a initial check of the article for plagiarism, match the journal's Aims and Scope, and other the basic requirements of the journal. The manuscript may be returned to the author without further consideration should the preliminary check yield unsatisfactory results.

For manuscripts that pass the preliminary check, independent expert reviewers will be chosen according to their availability, expertise, suitability to the research topic of the manuscript and have no conflict of interest with the manuscript(please see Reviewer Responsibilities). Reviewers may be selected from the editorial board members, reviewers team, or external reviewers.

Reviewers submit their review comments of the manuscript along with their recommendation (Accepted, Revisions Required, Resubmit for Review, Rejected). Peer reviews are not published.

The Editor-in-Chief and/or the Associate Editor(s) will make the final decision based on the comments of the reviewers. Receive comments from at least 2 reviewers.



  • Initial check usually takes about a week;
  • Peer review usually takes 3-4 weeks;
  • Authors are given 10-14 days for minor revisions;
  • Authors are given 14-30 days for major revisions;

If the author cannot submit the revised manuscript by the deadline, please send an email via to apply for an extension.

The Editing(Production) stage consists of copyediting, proofreading, layout editing, and scheduling the accepted paper for publication. The Author’s participation continues to be crucial at this stage to ensure that all amendments made do not affect the integrity of the manuscript content and/or mar its readability.

Upon publication, a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is registered for the paper, and the paper is made publically accessible.

Appeals can be made for a rejected manuscript. Requests for appeal must be submitted to and accompanied by point-by-point responses to reviewer comments in order to be considered for reevaluation.