Current Status and Future Trends for Mooring Systems of Floating Offshore Wind Turbines

Ruyan Yang

Institute for Ocean Engineering, Tsinghua University Shenzhen International Graduate School, Guangdong, China

Xiangyuan Zheng

Institute for Ocean Engineering, Tsinghua University Shenzhen International Graduate School, Guangdong, China

Jinlu Chen

Institute for Ocean Engineering, Tsinghua University Shenzhen International Graduate School, Guangdong, China

Yufei Wu

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Durability for Marine Civil Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen,518060, China


Copyright © 2022 Ruyan Yang, Xiangyuan Zheng, Jinlu Chen,Yufei Wu. Published by Nan Yang Academy of Sciences Pte. Ltd.

Creative Commons LicenseThis is an open access article under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.


With the increasing demand of energy and the limitation of bottom-fixed wind turbines in moderate and deep waters, floating offshore wind turbines are doomed to be the right technical choice and they are bound to enter a new era of rapid development. The mooring system is a vital system of a floating wind turbine for station-keeping under harsh environmental conditions. In terms of existing floating wind turbine projects, this paper is devoted to discussing the current status of mooring systems and mooring equipment. This paper also presents the mooring analysis methods and points out the technical difficulties and challenges in mooring design, installation, operation and maintenance stages. Finally, the developing trends of the mooring system are summarized, aiming to provide a reference for future mooring research.

Keywords: Mooring system; Mooring equipment; Mooring analysis; Floating offshore wind turbines; Mooring line; Anchor


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