Examining the Factors Influencing the Level of Circular Economy Adoption in Agriculture: Insights from Vietnam

The Kien Nguyen

VNU University of Economics and Business, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, 100000, Vietnam

Nguyen Thi Minh Khue

VNU University of Economics and Business, Center for Socio-Economic Analysis and Databases (CSEAD), Hanoi, 100000, Vietnam

Quang Phu Tran

Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, Department of training management, Hanoi, 100000, Vietnam

Nguyen Thi Quynh Anh

VNU University of Economics and Business, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, 100000, Vietnam

Le Khanh Cuong

VNU University of Economics and Business, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, 100000, Vietnam

Nguyen Chu Du

Trade Union University, Hanoi, 100000, Vietnam

Chu Viet Cuong

Thuongmai University, Cau Giay, Hanoi, 100000, Vietnam

Vu Thi Thuong

VNU University of Economics and Business, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, 100000, Vietnam

Dang Hoang Anh

Thuongmai University, Cau Giay, Hanoi, 100000, Vietnam

Nguyen Anh Vu

Ministry of Education and Training, Hanoi, 100000, Vietnam

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36956/rwae.v5i1.992

Received: 25 November 2023; Received in revised form: 11 March 2024; Accepted: 13 March 2024; Published: 29 March 2024

Copyright © 2024 The Kien Nguyen, Nguyen Thi Minh Khue, Quang Phu Tran, Nguyen Thi Quynh Anh, Le Khanh Cuong, Nguyen Chu Du, Chu Viet Cuong, Vu Thi Thuong, Dang Hoang Anh, Nguyen Anh Vu. Published by Nan Yang Academy of Sciences Pte. Ltd.

Creative Commons LicenseThis is an open access article under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.


The development of a circular economy in agricultural production has become a trend for many countries, especially as global natural resources worldwide are increasingly depleting. Therefore, the economic model transition to address the challenge of balancing economic growth and environmental protection, in general, and the plan for agricultural production development, in particular, is highly necessary. In this study, the authors examine the factors influencing the level of circular economy application in agriculture in Vietnam. The research employs a survey method using questionnaires to collect data from individuals and households engaged in the agriculture sector in Vietnam. Out of the 500 distributed questionnaires, 421 valid responses were collected. The influencing factors will be measured using a Likert scale, and to assess their reliability, the authors used Cronbach’s Alpha and inter-item correlation coefficients. To test the research hypotheses, the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) method is utilized. The results reveal that among the factors included in the principal component analysis, financial factors have the strongest influence, followed by technological application, awareness, production scale, and finally, government policies. In summary, this study sheds light on the importance of various factors influencing the adoption of circular economy practices in agriculture. It can provide valuable information to policymakers, enabling them to make informed macro and micro-level decisions aimed at increasing the proportion of businesses applying circular economy principles in agricultural production.

Keywords: Circular economy; Income; Policies; Scientific and technical; Households


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